In fact, there is no alphabet in the Chinese language. There are radicals in the Chinese language, they are 214 in number.
The radicals form the Chinese characters. Some of the radicals are characters at the same time.
For example, 户 hù as the radical has the meaning ‘door’, as the character it has one of the meanings ‘bank account’.
Both the Chinese radicals and characters require some time to be learned.
More about Chinese radicals: ‘Table of the Chinese Radicals’ by Polina Shinkina http://www.lulu.com/content/e-book/table-of-the-chinese-radicals/18919021 and http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/polina985